The companies listed below link to a web page specific to that company. I have not limited these companies to the ones who made .30 caliber carbines, though most manufactured their rifles in this caliber. The companies that manufactured M1 carbine look-a-likes as air rifles, .22 long rifle, .22 Magnum, .256 Winchester Magnum, and 5.7mm Johnson are included. If a rifle was/is made to look like a U.S. GI M1 carbine, it qualifies. Some of the air rifles and .22's were made for training purposes for the military or police of other nations, then became available commercially.
Many of these companies sold parts, receivers, and barrels individually. Some of the commercial carbines that are encountered are a conglomeration of parts from more than one manufacturer, often including original GI parts.
This website has been made possible by the assistance of many carbine owners who have stepped forward to help present this information for you.
War Baby Comes Home by Larry Ruth has a chapter devoted to the commercial carbine manufacturers. He is the only person who has attempted to tackle this subject on a large scale, and was doing this while many of the companies were still in business. His book include interviews with employees and/or management of some of the companies. I highly recommend War Baby and War Baby Comes Home to anyone interested in M1 carbines.
If I use anything from Ruth's work here, I say so. The majority of my work has built on what Ruth has done. I prefer to use Ruth's information when it is needed to clarify something or make significant connections, without plagiarizing it and without using it alone. I am in contact with Ruth and share/compare with him. The idea is to cooperate and brainstorm for the purpose of understanding and documenting the history of the commercial carbines, something Ruth has been doing far longer than me.
Please be patient. Many pages are under construction and this project takes time.
American Historical Foundation
|2003||.30 carbine receivers|
Bullseye Gun Works
Chiappa Firearms (Citadel)
|current||.22 long rifle|
Crosman Air Guns
Erma's Firearms Manufacturing Co.
|1962-1964||.30 carbine (WARNING - see web pages)|
|1966-1996||.22 long rifle|
.22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire (WMR)
Firearms International (F.I.)
H & S
|1950's and 1960's||.30 carbine|
Israel Arms International (IAI)
.22 Spitfire (5.7mm Johnson)
Iver Johnson's Arm's
.22 long rifle, .22 Magnum Rimfire
Johnson Arms Inc.
Johnston-Tucker Arms Co.
.256 Winchester Magnum
.22/30 (5.7mm Johnson)
Millville Ordnance Co.
Plainfield Machine Co.
.22 Carbine (5.7mm Johnson)
Rock Island Armory Inc.
|1979-1983||.30 carbine receivers|
Rowen, Becker Company, Inc.
|1961-1963||.30 carbine (WARNING - see web page)|
Santa Fe Division
|1960's||refer web page|
Springfield Armory Inc.
|1997-2002?||.30 carbine receivers|
Steelville Manufacturing Co.
Texas Armament Co.
Tiroler Sportwaffenfabrik und Apparatenbau GmbH
Tri-State Tool & Die
Universal Firearms Corp.
.256 Winchester Magnum
William's Gun Sight Co.